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Additional info for ACCA P1 Governance, Risk and Ethics: Study Text
Alignment of interests is sometimes referred to as goal congruence, although goal congruence is used in other ways, as you will see in your P3 studies. (a) ea Alignment of interests may be better achieved and the 'agency problem' better dealt with by giving managers some profit-related pay, or by providing incentives that are related to profits or share price. Examples of such remuneration incentives are: Profit-related/economic value-added pay Pay or bonuses related to the size of profits or economic value-added.
December 2013 Question 2 asked students to explain agency in the context of corporate governance. 4 The agency problem cc as The agency problem in joint stock companies derives from the principals (owners) not being able to run the business themselves and therefore having to rely on agents (directors) to do so for them. This separation of ownership from management can cause issues if there is a breach of trust by directors by intentional action, omission, neglect or incompetence. This breach may arise because the directors are pursuing their own interests rather than the shareholders' or because they have different attitudes to risk taking to the shareholders.
However, much of the discussion about accountability focuses on the extent of accountability to stakeholders, particularly when stakeholder interests differ. co m A wider issue with the extent of accountability in the public sector is the extent of accountability towards different groups in society. For example, politicians can be seen as being accountable to the body of taxpayers as a whole – it is their interests that parliamentary bodies have been established to represent. However, politicians are also accountable to a group within the category of taxpayers – the voters who voted for them.
ACCA P1 Governance, Risk and Ethics: Study Text by BPP Learning Media