By Edward Erwin
More than a century has handed on the grounds that Sigmund Freud all started his groundbreaking paintings in psychoanalysis but there isn't any consensus approximately his legacy; as an alternative there's power confrontation not just approximately Freud's attractiveness and position in historical past yet in regards to the right criteria to exploit in comparing his concept and therapy.
This publication develops epistemological criteria for Freudian psychology and offers a complete evaluate of, and doubtless ultimate, verdict on Freud's idea and treatment. not like the other assessment released thus far, it includes a systematic dialogue of either the Freudian experimental and non-experimental facts and the right kind criteria for examining the evidence.
Part I considers the view that Freud's conception will be judged through certain evidential criteria deemed acceptable for judging hypotheses of common-sense psychology. Edward Erwin argues in contrast view and for the employment of criteria appropriate to causal hypotheses of either the typical and social sciences. Erwin additionally addresses different matters approximately criteria akin to the necessity for experimental facts, using placebo controls, the right kind objectives of psychotherapy, and using meta-analysis in studying end result data.
The criteria built partially I of the ebook are utilized in half II in comparing the simplest on hand Freudian evidence.
A Bradford Book
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Richard Wiseman relies on the college of Hertfordshire and holds Britain's purely professor for the general public realizing of Psychology. He has a global acceptance for his learn into strange parts, together with deception, good fortune, humour and the mystical, is usually quoted by way of the media, and his examine has been featured on over one hundred fifty tv programmes internationally. he's the writer of the overseas bestseller fifty nine Seconds.
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Extra info for A Final Accounting: Philosophical and Empirical Issues in Freudian Psychology
So we can ªnd indirect evidence for Freudian symbolism in dreams by doing experiments and seeing if male subjects prefer rounded shapes and females, elongated shapes (Jahoda 1956). This argument clearly requires answers to causal questions. In particular, if male subjects express a preference for rounded shapes, is that because they associate, perhaps unconsciously, such shapes with female sex organs? Perhaps some other argument could be given for the Freudian view about the meaning of dream symbols, but it is hard to see how such an argument could work without relying on any causal hypotheses at all.
A chain of associations, according to Freud, later led from a reºection on the missing word aliquis to the miracle of St. Januarias’ clotted blood and eventually to the man’s expressing anxiety about his girlfriend missing her period and possibly being pregnant. Yet what caused the man to forget the word aliquis might have had nothing to do with his anxiety about his girlfriend. Rather, his preoccupation with her problem might have caused him to freeassociate to the thought of blood, and might have done so even if he had begun the chain of associations by reºecting on a different word, even one he had not forgotten.
First, thematic afªnity by itself is not generally evidence of a causal connection. Second, it is not generally evidence of such a connection even when the degree of meaning kinship is very high. If we accept these two points, however, a problem arises, as several philosophers have pointed out (Levy 1988, 212–213; Sachs 1989, 374– 377; Hopkins 1988). How do we account for our knowledge of a causal connection in cases of commonsense psychology where there is a meaning afªnity between A and B but no experimental evidence that the ªrst caused the second?
A Final Accounting: Philosophical and Empirical Issues in Freudian Psychology by Edward Erwin