By James Putzel
A CAPTIVE LAND is the 1st significant paintings to deal with those questions, pertaining to formerly unpublished Philippine and US executive files and drawing on interviews with executive representatives, landowners and peasants. It bargains a brand new and unique research of the level of landlessness, possession, and poverty. It highlights the importance of the clash among conservative and liberal methods to reform.
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Extra resources for A Captive Land: The Politics of Agrarian Reform in the Philippines
Increased productivity is also the consequence of an expansion of the use of more physical capital and increased rates of physical capital accumulation of machines and tools which typically embody more advanced technology and knowledge that can help to make a properly trained labor force even more efficient. Human capital accumulation, physical capital accumulation and technology all increase the productivity of the labor force. At the same time, they contribute to the possibility of higher wages for labor and an easier, because less laborintensive, work-place environment, both of which contribute to the potential wellbeing of the labor force.
Needed institutional change runs deep into basic values and motivations too. Businesses increasingly must be operated with more attention paid to efficiency and profitability in a more competitive and open atmosphere. Old ways of thinking and doing will undoubtedly be threatened by what will be an often unsettling attention to profit maximization by the “new” entrepreneurs in industry and agriculture. Even the family often is redefined during the process of development, as the extended family of the past is replaced by the nuclear family of more modern society, as individualism becomes more ingrained and as maximization behavior replaces the satisficing model of behavior of the past.
The relatively modest size of the poverty gap compared to current incomes in the lessdeveloped world strongly suggests that poverty is a problem of distribution, and not only of income, but especially of access to society’s productive resources, particularly human capital-enhancing assets like education and other training. The existence of world poverty does not appear to be the consequence of a fundamental shortfall in aggregate productive capacity given the fairly small size of the poverty gap in most regions.
A Captive Land: The Politics of Agrarian Reform in the Philippines by James Putzel